Australian Native Plants

  Eucalyptus melliodora (Yellow Box)

Eucalyptus melliodora photo
Eucalyptus melliodora flowers

Photograph by Fir0002. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Eucalyptus melliodora photo
Eucalyptus melliodora (Yellow Box) photographed in Wagga Wagga, New South Wales.

Photograph by Bidgee. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Eucalyptus melliodora photo
Trunk of Eucalyptus melliodora.

Photograph by Ottre. License: Public Domain.    (view image details)

Description, Habitat and Distribution information is sourced from: G.M. Chippendale (2019) Eucalyptus melliodora. In: Flora of Australia. Australian Biological Resources Study, Department of the Environment and Energy, Canberra. Licensed under Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license.

Growth Characteristics information is sourced from: State Flora Catalog, Government of South Australia Licensed under Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license.


distribution map showing range of Eucalyptus melliodora in Australia

Map is from The Atlas of Living Australia web site, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License

Common Name
Yellow Box

Tree to 30 m high. Bark fibrous on lower trunk only or up to larger branches, grey, yellow or red-brown, then smooth, white-yellow above. Juvenile leaves alternate, petiolate, ovate or elliptic, grey-green, concolorous. Adult leaves narrowly lanceolate to lanceolate, acuminate; lamina 6.5-14 cm long, 0.8-1.8 cm wide, green or grey-green; lateral veins clearly visible, at 20° -40° ; intramarginal vein up to 2 mm from margin; petiole terete or slightly flattened, 10-15 mm long. Umbels 7-flowered; peduncle terete or quadrangular, 3-11 mm long; pedicels 2-9 mm long. Buds clavate to fusiform; operculum conical to rostrate, usually narrower than hypanthium, 2-3 mm long, c. 3 mm wide; hypanthium hemispherical, 3-4 mm long and wide. Fruits hemispherical, ovoid to subglobular, 4-7 mm long and wide; valves usually 5, level or included.

Grows on gentle slopes, low hills and, in drier areas, on flats near watercourses, in loamy and heavy alluvial soil, in woodland sometimes in open forest

Occurs widely in south-eastern Qld, eastern N.S.W. and Vic. except the north-west, particularly on the tablelands and inland.

Growth Characteristics
Height (m): 20 - 35
Spread (m): 20 - 30
Soil Texture: loam, clay
Soil pH: acid soils, neutral soils, alkaliine soils
Frost Sensitivity: moderately sensitive
Minimum Rainfall (mm): 400
Flower Colour: cream
Flower Season: spring, summer, autumn

(source: SA State Flora Catalog)

Common Name:Yellow Box

Relatives in same Genus
  Eucalyptus acaciiformis
  Eucalyptus accedens
  Eucalyptus acies
  Eucalyptus albens
  Eucalyptus bancroftii
  Eucalyptus baxteri
  Eucalyptus caleyi
  Eucalyptus camaldulensis
  Eucalyptus camphora
  Eucalyptus cloeziana
  Eucalyptus crebra
  Eucalyptus crenulata
  Eucalyptus curtisii
  Eucalyptus dealbata
  Eucalyptus dumosa
  Eucalyptus eugenioides
  Eucalyptus forrestiana
  Eucalyptus goniocalyx
  Eucalyptus grandis
  Eucalyptus intertexta
  Eucalyptus largiflorens
  see A-Z list for more ...