Australian Native Plants

  Eucalyptus largiflorens (Black Box)

Eucalyptus largiflorens photo
Black Box, Eucalyptus largiflorens. Kinchega National Park, NSW,

Photograph by John Tann from Sydney,. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Eucalyptus largiflorens photo
Black Box, Eucalyptus largiflorens, with chenopod understorey. Steam plains, the Riverina,NSW.

Photograph by MargaretRDonald. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Description, Habitat and Distribution information is sourced from: G.M.Chippendale (2017) Eucalyptus largiflorens. In: Flora of Australia. Australian Biological Resources Study, Department of the Environment and Energy, Canberra. Licensed under Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license.

Growth Characteristics information is sourced from: State Flora Catalog, Government of South Australia Licensed under Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license.


distribution map showing range of Eucalyptus largiflorens in Australia

Map is from The Atlas of Living Australia web site, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License

Common Name
Black Box

Tree to 20 m. Bark rough, fibrous, dark grey on trunk and larger branches, then smooth and white above. Juvenile leaves linear to narrowly lanceolate, blue-green, slightly discolorous. Adult leaves narrowly lanceolate to lanceolate, acute; lamina 9-18 cm long, 0.9-1.8 cm wide, dull, green or grey-green; lateral veins faint, at 25° -40° ; intramarginal vein up to 1 mm from margin; petiole 8-15 mm long. Conflorescence usually terminal; umbels 7-11-flowered; peduncle terete or angular, 3-11 mm long; pedicels 1-5 mm long. Buds ovoid; operculum hemispherical, apiculate to conical, c. 2 mm long, c. 3 mm wide; hypanthium ovoid to obconical, 2-3 mm long, c. 3 mm wide. Fruits hemispherical or ovoid, 3-6 mm long, 3-5 mm wide; valves 3 or 4, level or included.

Grows usually in seasonally flooded areas such as depressions in plains, river flats and lakebeds, in heavy clay soil, rarely somewhat sandy soil, in woodland and open woodland.

Widely scattered in eastern S.A., north-western Vic. and throughout inland N.S.W. with outliers in eastern Qld.

Growth Characteristics
Height (m): 6 - 20
Spread (m): 6 - 15
Soil Texture: loam, clay
Soil pH: acid soils, neutral soils, alkaliine soils
Frost Sensitivity: resistant
Minimum Rainfall (mm): 350
Flower Colour: white
Flower Season: spring, summer

(source: SA State Flora Catalog)

Common Name:Black Box

Relatives in same Genus
  Eucalyptus acaciiformis
  Eucalyptus accedens
  Eucalyptus acies
  Eucalyptus albens
  Eucalyptus bancroftii
  Eucalyptus baxteri
  Eucalyptus caleyi
  Eucalyptus camaldulensis
  Eucalyptus camphora
  Eucalyptus cloeziana
  Eucalyptus crebra
  Eucalyptus crenulata
  Eucalyptus curtisii
  Eucalyptus dealbata
  Eucalyptus dumosa
  Eucalyptus eugenioides
  Eucalyptus forrestiana
  Eucalyptus goniocalyx
  Eucalyptus grandis
  Eucalyptus intertexta
  Eucalyptus leucoxylon var Rosea
  see A-Z list for more ...