Australian Native Plants

  Eucalyptus camaldulensis (River Red Gum)

Eucalyptus camaldulensis photo
Eucalyptus camaldulensis flowers and leaves

Photograph by Rexness from Melbourne. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Eucalyptus camaldulensis photo
River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) tree

Photograph by Mark Marathon. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Eucalyptus camaldulensis photo
River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) bark

Photograph by Juan Carlos Fonseca Mata. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Description, Habitat and Distribution information is sourced from: G.M.Chippendale (2017) Eucalyptus camaldulensis. In: Flora of Australia. Australian Biological Resources Study, Department of the Environment and Energy, Canberra. Licensed under Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license.

Growth Characteristics information is sourced from: State Flora Catalog, Government of South Australia Licensed under Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license.


distribution map showing range of Eucalyptus camaldulensis in Australia

Map is from The Atlas of Living Australia web site, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License

Common Name
River Red Gum

Tree commonly to 20 m, occasionally to 45 m. Bark smooth throughout, white, grey, brown or red. Juvenile leaves ovate to broadly lanceolate, green, grey-green or blue-green, slightly discolorous. Adult leaves lanceolate to narrowly lanceolate, acuminate, moderately thick; lamina 8-30 cm long, 0.7-2 cm wide, green or grey-green; lateral veins at 40° -50° ; intramarginal vein up to 2 mm from margin; petiole terete or channelled, 12-15 mm long. Umbels 7-11-flowered; peduncle slender, terete or quadrangular, 6-15 mm long; pedicels slender, 5-12 mm long. Buds globular-rostrate or ovoid-conical; operculum hemispherical, rostrate or conical, obtuse, 4-6 mm long, 3-6 mm wide; hypanthium hemispherical, 2-3 mm long, 3-6 mm wide. Fruits hemispherical or ovoid, 5-8 mm long and wide; disc broad, ascending; valves 3-5. Seeds yellow.

Grows along and near watercourses, sometimes extending to hills or ranges, usually in open forest and woodland.

Occurs in most of the Australian mainland except southern W.A., south-western S.A., and the eastern coastal areas of Qld, N.S.W. and Vic.

Growth Characteristics
Height (m): 20 - 30
Spread (m): 10 - 15
Soil Texture: sand, loam, clay
Soil pH: acid soils, neutral soils, alkaliine soils
Frost Sensitivity: resistant
Minimum Rainfall (mm): the spcies is found along waterways
Flower Colour: white
Flower Season: summer

(source: SA State Flora Catalog)

Common Name:River Red Gum

Relatives in same Genus
  Eucalyptus acaciiformis
  Eucalyptus accedens
  Eucalyptus acies
  Eucalyptus albens
  Eucalyptus bancroftii
  Eucalyptus baxteri
  Eucalyptus caleyi
  Eucalyptus camphora
  Eucalyptus cloeziana
  Eucalyptus crebra
  Eucalyptus crenulata
  Eucalyptus curtisii
  Eucalyptus dealbata
  Eucalyptus dumosa
  Eucalyptus eugenioides
  Eucalyptus forrestiana
  Eucalyptus goniocalyx
  Eucalyptus grandis
  Eucalyptus intertexta
  Eucalyptus largiflorens
  Eucalyptus leucoxylon var Rosea
  see A-Z list for more ...