Australian Native Plants

  Eucalyptus melanophloia (Silver-leaved Ironbark)


Eucalyptus melanophloia photo
Eucalyptus melanophloia tree

Photograph by Mark Marathon. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Eucalyptus melanophloia photo
Foliage and flower buds of "Eucalyptus melanophloia

Photograph by Murray Fagg. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Eucalyptus melanophloia photo
the bark of the Eucalyptus melanophloia

Photograph by Amanda Laurie. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)



Credits:
Description, Habitat and Distribution information is sourced from: G.M.Chippendale (2017) Eucalyptus melanophloia. In: Flora of Australia. Australian Biological Resources Study, Department of the Environment and Energy, Canberra. https://profiles.ala.org.au/opus/foa/profile/Eucalyptus%20melanophloia Licensed under Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license.


Growth Characteristics information is sourced from: State Flora Catalog, Government of South Australia Licensed under Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license.



PLANT FACTS

distribution map showing range of Eucalyptus melanophloia in Australia

Map is from The Atlas of Living Australia web site, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License


Common Name
Silver-leaved Ironbark

Description
The Silver-leaved Ironbark is a tree to 25 m. Bark rough throughout, dark grey to black, deeply furrowed. Juvenile leaves opposite, ovate to orbicular, often cordate, glaucous, concolorous. Adult leaves opposite, ovate to broadly lanceolate, apiculate; lamina 5-9 cm long, 2-3 cm wide, glaucous; lateral veins faint, at 40° -55° ; intramarginal vein up to 2 mm from margin; petiole very short or absent. Conflorescence terminal, sometimes axillary, paniculate; umbels 7-flowered; peduncle terete or quadrangular, 4-16 mm long; pedicels 1-7 mm long. Buds fusiform, glaucous; operculum conical, 3-4 mm long, 3-5 mm wide; hypanthium obconical, 4-6 mm long, 3-5 mm wide. Fruits hemispherical, ovoid or urceolate, 3-8 mm long and wide, glaucous; disc broad, steeply descending; valves 3 or 4, level or slightly exserted.

Habitat
Grows in a wide range of soils on plains and tablelands in woodland and open woodland.

Distribution
Occurs widely in eastern Qld south of Cape York Peninsula and in northern N.S.W. as far S as Narromine.

Growth Characteristics
Height (m): 8 - 15
Spread (m): 7 - 9
Soil Texture: loam, clay, limestone
Soil pH: acid soils, neutral soils, alkaliine soils
Frost Sensitivity: moderately sensitive
Minimum Rainfall (mm): 350
Flower Colour: white
Flower Season: spring, summer

(source: SA State Flora Catalog)



Classification
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Myrtales
Family:Myrtaceae
Genus:Eucalyptus
Species:melanophloia
Common Name:Silver-leaved Ironbark


Relatives in same Genus
  Eucalyptus acaciiformis
  Eucalyptus accedens
  Eucalyptus acies
  Eucalyptus albens
  Eucalyptus bancroftii
  Eucalyptus baxteri
  Eucalyptus caleyi
  Eucalyptus camaldulensis
  Eucalyptus camphora
  Eucalyptus cloeziana
  Eucalyptus crebra
  Eucalyptus crenulata
  Eucalyptus curtisii
  Eucalyptus dealbata
  Eucalyptus dumosa
  Eucalyptus eugenioides
  Eucalyptus forrestiana
  Eucalyptus goniocalyx
  Eucalyptus grandis
  Eucalyptus intertexta
  Eucalyptus largiflorens
  see A-Z list for more ...