Australian Native Plants

  Acacia melanoxylon (Blackwood)

Acacia melanoxylon photo
Acacia melanoxylon flowers - growing as a street tree in San Francisco, California

Photograph by Eric in SF. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Acacia melanoxylon photo
Acacia melanoxylon seeds

Photograph by Eric in SF. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Acacia melanoxylon photo
Acacia melanolylon bark Polipoli trail at Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii

Photograph by Forest & Kim Starr. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)


distribution map showing range of Acacia melanoxylon in Australia

Map is from The Atlas of Living Australia web site, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License

Common Name

Other Names
Australian Blackwood, Hickory, Mudgerabah, Tasmanian Blackwood, Blackwood Acacia

Blackwood is a tree that grows about 6 m to 30 m tall, although some plants are smaller shrubs. The phyllodes are long and narrow, and sometimes sickle shaped, growing 4 cm to 16 cm long and 6 mm to 30 mm wide. The flower clusters usually have three globular flower heads, with each flower head about 6 mm in diameter. The flowers are pale yellow to white, and appear from July to December. The seed pods are curved ort twisted, and grow to 15 cm long and up to 8 mm wide. The seeds are glossy black and elliptical, up to 5 mm long.

wet sclerophyll forest, rainforest, forested wetlands

Blackwood is found in eastern Queensland, eastern New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, south east South Australia, south west Western Aristotelian.

Growth Characteristics
Height: 8m - 15m
Spread: 4m - 8m

scarified seed

Wildlife Interest
attracts seed-eating and insect-eating birds

Common Name:Blackwood

Relatives in same Genus
  Acacia acanthoclada
  Acacia acinacea
  Acacia acradenia
  Acacia aculeatissima
  Acacia alata
  Acacia amblygona
  Acacia amoena
  Acacia aneura
  Acacia aulacocarpa
  Acacia auriculiformis
  Acacia baileyana
  Acacia beckleri
  Acacia boormanii
  Acacia brachybotrya
  Acacia brachystachya
  Acacia buxifolia
  Acacia caesiella
  Acacia calamifolia
  Acacia cardiophylla
  Acacia chrysocephala
  Acacia cognata
  see A-Z list for more ...