Australian Native Plants

  Sporobolus virginicus (Saltcouch)


Sporobolus virginicus photo
Sporobolus virginicus flowerheads

Photograph by Harry Rose. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Sporobolus virginicus photo
Sporobolus virginicus plant

Photograph by Harry Rose. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Sporobolus virginicus photo
Sporobolus virginicus habit

Photograph by Harry Rose. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)



Credits:
Description and Habitat information is sourced from: Agriculture and Fisheries, Queensland Government, Common saltmarsh plants of Queensland, https://www.publications.qld.gov.au/dataset/common-saltmarsh-plants-of-queensland Licensed under Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license.



SALTCOUCH FACTS

distribution map showing range of Sporobolus virginicus in Australia

Map is from The Atlas of Living Australia web site, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License


Common Name
Saltcouch

Other Names
Seashore Dropseed, Marine Couch, Sand Couch, Salt Couch Grass, Saltwater Couch, Coastal Rat-Tail Grass

Description
Saltcouch is a perennial grass with erect, leafy stems. It grows in mat formations from rhizomes to a height of 15-30 cm.
The plant's leaves are alternate, up to 15 cm long, and are in 2 ranks on either side of the stem.
The stems can be both vertical and horizontal (underground rhizomes).
It flowers throughout the year and flower heads can grow up to 10 cm long.
The fruit is approximately 4 mm long.
Saltcouch grows in upper tidal, intertidal and some inland areas. It prefers sandy soils and tends to form dense, low mats of vegetation.
When transplanted as a turf it makes an excellent plant for rehabilitation of saline wetlands.

Habitat
on the coast and in inland saline soils.

Distribution
It is widespread around the coast of Australia, occurring in every state. Also widespread in many other parts of the world.

Growth Characteristics
Height: 0.3m


Classification
Class:Liliopsida
Order:Poales
Family:Poaceae
Genus:Sporobolus
Species:virginicus
Common Name:Saltcouch