Australian Native Plants

  Nitraria billardierei (Nitrebush)


Nitraria billardierei photo
Nitraria billardierei (nitre bush) in fruit. On a causeway, St Kilda, Adelaide, South Australia

Photograph by Peripitus. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Nitraria billardierei photo
Nitraria billardierei (nitre bush) flowers

Photograph by Kevin Thiele. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)



Credits:
Description and Habitat information is sourced from: State of Victoria (Agriculture Victoria), Victorian Resources Online,http://vro.agriculture.vic.gov.au/dpi/vro/vrosite.nsf/pages/water_sip_scientific_a Licensed under Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license.


Growth Characteristics information is sourced from: State Flora Catalog, Government of South Australia Licensed under Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license.



NITREBUSH FACTS

distribution map showing range of Nitraria billardierei in Australia

Map is from The Atlas of Living Australia web site, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License


Common Name
Nitrebush

Other Names
Dillon Bush, Nitre bush, Karumbil, Wild Grape

Description
The Nitrebush is a rigid spreading perennial shrub, 1 - 2 m in height and often more in diameter, the branchlets often tangled and sometimes spiny. Leaves alternate, more often clustered, mostly oblong, 1 - 4 cm long, thick, flat, smooth, blue-green or green, with only one visible vein.

Flowers small, white, borne in small clusters along the branches, with five concave and hooded petals 3 - 4 mm long.

Fruit a fleshy ovoid-oblong drupe, 1 - 2 cm long, becoming purple, red or golden when ripe, containing a single tapered highly sculptured stone. Flowering mainly in spring, with the fruit ripening mid-summer.

Habitat
On loam and clay soils, particularly abundant on over-grazed open plain and floodplain areas. Also along loamy, saline creek flats and on flat or low-lying areas in many communities.

Distribution
Native to inland areas of Australia: Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria., South Australia, Western Australia,

Growth Characteristics
Height (m): 1 - 2
Spread (m): 2 - 4
Soil Texture: sand, loam, clay, limestone
Soil pH: acid soils, neutral soils, alkaliine soils
Frost Sensitivity: resistant
Minimum Rainfall (mm): 300
Flower Colour: white
Flower Season: spring

(source: SA State Flora Catalog)

Wildlife Interest
birds, fruits small animals refuge



Classification
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Zygophyllales
Family:Zygophyllaceae
Genus:Nitraria
Species:billardierei
Common Name:Nitrebush