Map is from The Atlas of Living Australia web site, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License
Dillon Bush, Nitre bush, Karumbil, Wild Grape
The Nitrebush is a rigid spreading perennial shrub, 1 - 2 m in height and often more in diameter, the branchlets often tangled and sometimes spiny. Leaves alternate, more often clustered, mostly oblong, 1 - 4 cm long, thick, flat, smooth, blue-green or green, with only one visible vein.
Flowers small, white, borne in small clusters along the branches, with five concave and hooded petals 3 - 4 mm long.
Fruit a fleshy ovoid-oblong drupe, 1 - 2 cm long, becoming purple, red or golden when ripe, containing a single tapered highly sculptured stone. Flowering mainly in spring, with the fruit ripening mid-summer.
On loam and clay soils, particularly abundant on over-grazed open plain and floodplain areas. Also along loamy, saline creek flats and on flat or low-lying areas in many communities.
Native to inland areas of Australia: Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria., South Australia, Western Australia,
Height (m): 1 - 2
Spread (m): 2 - 4
Soil Texture: sand, loam, clay, limestone
Soil pH: acid soils, neutral soils, alkaliine soils
Frost Sensitivity: resistant
Minimum Rainfall (mm): 300
Flower Colour: white
Flower Season: spring
(source: SA State Flora Catalog)
birds, fruits small animals refuge