Australian Native Plants

  Phragmites australis (Common Reed)


Phragmites australis photo
Phragmites australis habit

Photograph by Harry Rose. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Phragmites australis photo
Reeds (Phragmites australis) beside Wolgan River, Wollemi National Park, Newnes, NSW

Photograph by John Tann from Sydney. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Phragmites australis photo
Phragmites australis in flower. Wollemi National Park, Newnes, NSW

Photograph by John Tann from Sydney. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)



Credits:
Description and Habitat information is sourced from: Agriculture and Fisheries, Queensland Government, Common saltmarsh plants of Queensland, https://www.publications.qld.gov.au/dataset/common-saltmarsh-plants-of-queensland Licensed under Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license.


Growth Characteristics information is sourced from: State Flora Catalog, Government of South Australia Licensed under Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license.



COMMON REED FACTS

distribution map showing range of Phragmites australis in Australia

Map is from The Atlas of Living Australia web site, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License


Common Name
Common Reed

Description
Common reed is a perennial grass that grows to 4 m tall in both fresh and brackish water.
Its leaves are alternate, up to 70 cm long and 3.5 cm wide, and smooth in appearance.
The plant's flowers are 15-30 cm long and 5-20 cm wide. The flower head changes colour with age, becoming silvery grey.
It flowers between September and October, but dead flower heads often remain for some time after the flowering period.
Common reed often invades saltcouch (Sporobolus virginicus) grasslands where there is ponding of fresh or brackish water.

Habitat
marshes, lagoons, edges of ponds , creek edges, tidal wetlands

Distribution
Found in all states of Australia. Most common in eastern and southern states - Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania. Also found in may other parts of the world

Growth Characteristics
Height (m): 2 - 4
Spread (m): 2 - 5
Soil Texture: sand, loam, clay
Soil pH: acid soils, neutral soils, alkaliine soils
Frost Sensitivity: resistant
Minimum Rainfall (mm): the species is best suited to constantly moist sites
Flower Colour: brown
Flower Season: spring

(source: SA State Flora Catalog)

Wildlife Interest
birds, insects, nest small animals protection



Classification
Class:Liliopsida
Order:Poales
Family:Poaceae
Genus:Phragmites
Species:australis
Common Name:Common Reed