Australian Native Plants

  Adriana quadripartita (Coastal Bitter Bush)


Adriana quadripartita photo
Adriana quadripartita, Cape Naturaliste, Western Australia

Photograph by MurielBendel. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Adriana quadripartita photo
Adriana quadripartita (male)

Photograph by Kevin Thiele. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Adriana quadripartita photo
Adriana quadripartita (female)

Photograph by Kevin Thiele. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)



Credits:
Description and Habitat information is sourced from: State of Victoria (Agriculture Victoria), Victorian Resources Online,http://vro.agriculture.vic.gov.au/dpi/vro/vrosite.nsf/pages/water_sip_scientific_a Licensed under Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license.


Growth Characteristics information is sourced from: State Flora Catalog, Government of South Australia Licensed under Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license.



COASTAL BITTER BUSH FACTS

distribution map showing range of Adriana quadripartita in Australia

Map is from The Atlas of Living Australia web site, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License


Common Name
Coastal Bitter Bush

Other Names
Rare Bitterbush

Description
Coastal Bitter Bush is an erect, open shrub to 2 m high with pale undersides to its lanceolate (spear-shaped) to ovate, serrated or coarsely toothed leaves; 5-10 cm long and 2-4 cm wide.

Plants are either male or female. Flowers are yellow to green. The male flower spikes are up to 17 cm long, while female flowers grow in clusters. Fruit is an ovoid capsule of about 1 cm diameter.

There are two forms of Rare Bitterbush; the glabrous (or hairless) form and a pubescent-hairy form, once known as Adriana klotzschii.

Habitat
Species of coastal habitats

Distribution
Native to Western Australia, South Australia and Victoria.

Growth Characteristics
Height (m): 1 - 2
Spread (m): 1 - 3
Soil Texture: sand, loam
Soil pH: acid soils, neutral soils, alkaliine soils
Frost Sensitivity: moderately sensitive
Minimum Rainfall (mm): 350
Flower Colour: red / brown
Flower Season: spring, summer

(source: SA State Flora Catalog)

Wildlife Interest
The larvae of a butterfly, known as the Bitter-bush Blue (Theclinesthes albocincta) feeds exclusively on Bitter-bush.



Classification
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Malpighiales
Family:Euphorbiaceae
Genus:Adriana
Species:quadripartita
Common Name:Coastal Bitter Bush