Australian Native Plants

  Casuarina pauper (Belah)


Casuarina pauper photo
Belah, Casuarina pauper, grows on red-brown soils. Kinchega National Park, NSW

Photograph by John Tann from Sydney. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Casuarina pauper photo
Belah, Casuarina pauper, ascending branches. Kinchega National Park, NSW

Photograph by John Tann from Sydney. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Casuarina pauper photo
Belah, Casuarina pauper, fruit about 10mm. Kinchega National Park, NSW

Photograph by John Tann from Sydney. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)



Credits:
Description and Habitat information is sourced from: State of Victoria (Agriculture Victoria), Victorian Resources Online,http://vro.agriculture.vic.gov.au/dpi/vro/vrosite.nsf/pages/water_sip_scientific_a Licensed under Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license.


Growth Characteristics information is sourced from: State Flora Catalog, Government of South Australia Licensed under Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license.



BELAH FACTS

distribution map showing range of Casuarina pauper in Australia

Map is from The Atlas of Living Australia web site, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License


Common Name
Belah

Other Names
Black Oak

Description
Belah is a tree from 10-12 m tall with finely fissured, scaly, grey-brown bark and long, jointed, slender, wiry, ribbed, grey-green, branchlets with tiny 1 mm long teeth (reduced leaves) in whorls of 9-20.

Plants are either male or female. Male flowers in elongated spikes, 1-3 cm long, with alternating tooth-like bracts. Female flowers in globular to ovoid heads on short lateral branchlets. Fruit of pale yellow-brown to dull grey, winged seed contained in cones, 10-22 mm long and 11-15 mm long with valves well extended from the cone body.

Habitat
open woodlands on sandy rises

Distribution
north-west of Victoria, western NSW and inland South Australia and Western Australia.

Growth Characteristics
Height (m): 6 - 15
Spread (m): 4 - 8
Soil Texture: loam, clay, limestone
Soil pH: acid soils, neutral soils, alkaliine soils
Frost Sensitivity: resistant
Minimum Rainfall (mm): 200
Flower Colour: red
Flower Season: summer

(source: SA State Flora Catalog)



Classification
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Fagales
Family:Casuarinaceae
Genus:Casuarina
Species:pauper
Common Name:Belah


Relatives in same Genus
  Casuarina obesa