Australian Native Plants

  Archontophoenix maxima (Walsh River Palm)


Archontophoenix maxima photo
Archontophoenix maxima along a creek in moist eucalypt forest in the Herberton Range, Atherton Tableland, north Queensland

Photograph by tanetahi. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Archontophoenix maxima photo
Young specimen of Archontophoenix maxima, the Walsh River Palm, growing in cultivation at Auckland, New Zealand

Photograph by Kahuroa. License: Public Domain.    (view image details)




WALSH RIVER PALM FACTS

distribution map showing range of Archontophoenix maxima in Australia

Map is from The Atlas of Living Australia web site, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License


Common Name
Walsh River Palm

Other Names
Walsh River Archontophoenix

Description
The Walsh River Palm is the largest of the Archontophoenix species growing to twenty five metres tall with a trunk diameter of up to 30 cm (although the Mount Lewis King Palm A. purpurea is of similar proportions). The trunk is swollen at the base. The large fronds have relatively short stalks and are pinnate with green upper surface and greyish lower surface. It has very large clusters of white flowers. The branched flower spikes are similar to the Alexandra Palm, but larger growing up to 1.4 m long. The oval fruit is red and about 15 mm long. the palm is self-cleaning with a green crownshaft.

Height
25m

Spread
fronds to 4m

Habitat
tropical rainforest and wet eucalypt forest

Distribution
Archontophoenix maxima is found around the Walsh River and surrounding ranges in the Atherton Tablelands of north Queensland



Classification
Class:Liliopsida
Order:Arecales
Family:Arecaceae
Genus:Archontophoenix
Species:maxima
Common Name:Walsh River Palm


Relatives in same Genus
  Archontophoenix alexandrae
  Archontophoenix cunninghamiana
  Archontophoenix myolensis
  Archontophoenix purpurea