Australian Native Plants

  Calochilus paludosus (Red Beard Orchid)


Calochilus paludosus photo
Calochilus paludosus, Red Beard Orchid. Not far from the start of Elvina Track, Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park, Australia

Photograph by Poyt448 Peter Woodard. License: Public Domain.    (view image details)




RED BEARD ORCHID FACTS

distribution map showing range of Calochilus paludosus in Australia

Map is from The Atlas of Living Australia web site, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License


Common Name
Red Beard Orchid

Description
The Red Beard Orchid is a perennial terrestrial orchid. It produces clusters of up to nine flowers about 25mm across in spring and early summer from October to December. The labellum has purple warts (known as calli) at the base, and the centre has fairly dense long red hairs. The lateral sepals are green. the petals are shorter than the sepals and green with reddish purple stripes along their length. The plant has a single leaf that grows to about 18 cm long. the plant grows from an underground tuber.

Height
20cm - 35cm

Habitat
Red Beard Orchid is found in swampy heathland, woodland and mountain regions.

Distribution
Calochilus paludosus is found in eastern New South Wales, southern Victoria, eastern Queensland and parts of Tasmania. Also found in New Zealand.

Classification
Class:Liliopsida
Order:Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Genus:Calochilus
Species:paludosus
Common Name:Red Beard Orchid


Relatives in same Genus
  Calochilus platychilus
  Calochilus robertsonii