Australian Native Plants

  Araucaria heterophylla (Norfolk Island Pine)


Araucaria heterophylla photo
Norfolk Island Pine on Gold Coast, Queensland

Photograph copyright: oznativeplants - all rights reserved.




NORFOLK ISLAND PINE FACTS

distribution map showing range of Araucaria heterophylla in Australia

Map is from The Atlas of Living Australia web site, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License


Common Name
Norfolk Island Pine

Description
The Norfolk Island Pine has a straight vertical trunks with symmetrical branches. It thrives in coastal areas and keeps its symmetrical shape in spite of onshore winds. It has scale-like leaves. The cones are about 10-12 cm long and 12-14 cm diameter, and take about 18 months to mature.

Height
50m - 65m

Habitat
coastal areas

Distribution
endemic to Norfolk Island between New Caledonia and Australia in the South Pacific. Commonly grown on Australian coast

Classification
Class:Pinopsida
Order:Pinales
Family:Araucariaceae
Genus:Araucaria
Species:heterophylla
Common Name:Norfolk Island Pine


Relatives in same Genus
  Araucaria bidwillii
  Araucaria cunninghamia