Australian Native Plants

  Macadamia tetraphylla (Macadamia Nut)


Macadamia tetraphylla photo
Macadamia tetraphylla (cultivated, labelled) Maranoa Gardens, Balwyn, Victoria, Australia

Photograph by Melburnian. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)




MACADAMIA NUT FACTS

distribution map showing range of Macadamia tetraphylla in Australia

Map is from The Atlas of Living Australia web site, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License


Common Name
Macadamia Nut

Description
The Macadamia Nut (Macadamia tetraphylla) is a rainforest tree belonging to the Proteaceae family. It has a number of other common names including Queensland Nut, Poppel Nut, Prickly Macadamia, Rough-shelled Bush Nut and Rough-shelled Queensland Nut. The plant has dense foliage. Leaves are 7cm to 25cm long with toothed margins. It produces long pendants of white, pink to purple flowers. The flowers are followed by 15cm to 45cm clusters of woody round fruits. The individual fruits are about 2cm to 3cm in diameter with edible kernels. The nuts are grown commercially for human consumption.

Height
8m - 15m

Spread
6m - 8m

Habitat
rainforest

Wildlife Interest
birds may nest in dense foliage

Distribution
native to New South Wales and Queensland

Classification
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Proteales
Family:Proteaceae
Genus:Macadamia
Species:tetraphylla
Common Name:Macadamia Nut