Australian Native Plants

  Araucaria cunninghamia (Hoop Pine)


Araucaria cunninghamia photo
Large Hoop Pine tree

Photograph copyright: oznativeplants - all rights reserved.

Araucaria cunninghamia photo
Young growth at base of large tree

Photograph copyright: oznativeplants - all rights reserved.

Araucaria cunninghamia photo
Hoop Pine foliage

Photograph copyright: oznativeplants - all rights reserved.




HOOP PINE FACTS

distribution map showing range of Araucaria cunninghamia in Australia

Map is from The Atlas of Living Australia web site, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License


Common Name
Hoop Pine

Other Names
Moreton Bay Pine

Description
The Hoop Pine is a large rainforest conifer. The bark splits horizontally at regular intervals giving the common name, Hoop Pine. The juvenile leaves are different from the adult leaves - leaves on young trees are awl-shaped, 1-2 cm long, and scale-like on mature trees. The cones are oval and about 8-10 cm long. They disintegrate at maturity to release the nut-like edible seeds which are dispersed by the wind. Male and female cones are usually found on the same tree.

Height
to 60m

Habitat
coastal rainforest

Distribution
eastern Australia and in New Guinea



Classification
Class:Pinopsida
Order:Pinales
Family:Araucariaceae
Genus:Araucaria
Species:cunninghamia
Common Name:Hoop Pine


Relatives in same Genus
  Araucaria bidwillii
  Araucaria heterophylla