Australian Native Plants

  Cocos nucifera (Coconut Palm)


Cocos nucifera photo
Cocos nucifera

Photograph by Prenn. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Cocos nucifera photo
Cocos nucifera (Kelapa Gading) in Malaysia

Photograph by Tu7uh. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Cocos nucifera photo
Cocos nucifera on the beach in Las Terrenas, Dominican Republic.

Photograph by Captain-tucker. Some rights reserved.    (view image details)




COCONUT PALM FACTS

distribution map showing range of Cocos nucifera in Australia

Map is from The Atlas of Living Australia web site, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License


Common Name
Coconut Palm

Description
The Coconut Palm is a smooth-trunked self-cleaning palm that grows to about thirty metres tall. The trunk is often leaning at an angle and enlarged at the base. The pinnate fronds grow to four or five metres long and have about two hundred long narrow leaflets. The plant produces white flowers that grow in large branched clusters, containing both male and female flowers in the same cluster. The fruit is the well known coconut and a single plant can produce a few dozen coconuts in a year. Coconut palms are grown commercially in many countries around the world.

Height
10m - 30m

Spread
fronds 3m - 4m

Habitat
grows on sandy shores, coral islands, river estuaries.

Distribution
Coco nucifera is found on islands and coastal areas in the tropics around the world. It has been transported around the world by people, but also distributes itself naturally as the coconut fruit floats and is salt tolerant. In Australia it is found along north east Queensland, the Gulf of Carpentaria and around the Torres Strait islands.



Classification
Class:Liliopsida
Order:Arecales
Family:Arecaceae
Genus:Cocos
Species:nucifera
Common Name:Coconut Palm