Australian Native Plants

Australian Native Plants - Orchids





Acianthus fornicatus
(Pixie Caps)
Acianthus fornicatus
Height
 10cm - 20cm
Acianthus fornicatus is a terrestrial orchid. The flower is greenish with red stripes along the length of the petals. The top of the flower forms a semi transparent hood giving it its common name of Pixie Caps. The flowers are about1 cm long and... Read more >
Calochilus paludosus
(Red Beard Orchid)
Calochilus paludosus
Height
 20cm - 35cm
The Red Beard Orchid is a perennial terrestrial orchid. It produces clusters of up to nine flowers about 25mm across in spring and early summer from October to December. The labellum has purple warts (known as calli) at the base, and the centre has... Read more >
Calochilus platychilus
(Purple Beard Orchid)
Calochilus platychilus
Height
 30cm - 45cm
The Purple Beard Orchid is a perennial terrestrial orchid. It produces clusters of greenish purple flowers. The labellum or lip has purple warts at the base, and the centre has long purple hairs. The petals are shorter than the sepals and green with... Read more >
Calochilus robertsonii
(Purple Beard Orchid)
Calochilus robertsonii
Height
 30cm - 45cm
Note: check if this is same species as Calochilus platychilus. Calochilus robertsonii is a purple flowering bearded orchid. The labellum or lip has long purple hairs and dark purple warts at the base. It produces clusters of up to ten flowers with... Read more >
Cryptostylis erecta
(Bonnet Orchid)
Cryptostylis erecta
Height
 15cm - 40cm
The Bonnet Orchid is a terrestrial orchid with prominent hood or bonnet. The labellum forms the hood and is pale with reddish maroon lines along the veins becoming more solid towards stem end. The other petals and sepals are green and very thin. The... Read more >
Cryptostylis hunteriana
(Leafless Tongue-orchid)
Cryptostylis hunteriana
Height
 10cm - 45cm
The Leafless Tongue-orchid as its name suggests is a leafless terrestrial orchid from eastern Australia. The plant usually produces five to ten flowers in summer from November to February. The flowers, which are held upright, have a large... Read more >
Cryptostylis leptochila
(Small Tongue-orchid)
Cryptostylis leptochila
Height
 60cm
The Small Tongue-orchid is a ground orchid with small tongue shaped flower and relatively large leaf. The flower is erect and about 4 cm long. The most striking part of the flower is the maroon-coloured labellum which is tongue-shaped and covered... Read more >
Cryptostylis subulata
(Large Tongue Orchid)
Cryptostylis subulata
Height
 80cm
The Large Tongue Orchid is a ground orchid from south eastern Australia. the plant produces up to fourteen flowers. The flower has a large labellum which is green becoming red towards the tip. There are dark stripes along the inside of the labellum... Read more >
Cyrtostylis reniformis
(Small Gnat-orchid)
Cyrtostylis reniformis
Height
 10cm - 20cm
The Small Gnat-orchid is a small terrestrial orchid. The flowers are a reddish maroon colour and produced cluster of up to eight flowers. The dorsal sepal is narrow and erect. The lateral sepals are very thin. The labellum is about 1 cm long.... Read more >
Dipodium elegantulum
(Elegant Hyacinth Orchid)
Dipodium elegantulum
Height
 50cm - 80cm
The Elegant Hyacinth Orchid is a fairly large terrestrial orchid from northern Queensland. The flowers are produced in clusters of up to sixty flowers on a spike in spring and summer from August to December. the individual flowers are pink with some... Read more >
Dipodium punctatum
(Hyacinth Orchid)
Dipodium punctatum
Height
 0.75m
The Hyacinth Orchid is a fairly large terrestrial orchid with stems to three quarters of a metre tall. The flowers have a superficial resemblance to a hyacinth flower, hence the common name. It produces clusters of pink flowers in summer from... Read more >
Dipodium roseum
(Pink Hyacinth Orchid)
Dipodium roseum
Height
 30cm - 100cm
The Pink Hyacinth Orchid is a fairly large terrestrial orchid with flowering stems growing to about a metre tall. It produces clusters of up to forty pink flowers in summer from November to March. The individual flowers are rosy pink with darker... Read more >
Dipodium stenochilum
(Tropical Hyacinth Orchid)
Dipodium stenochilum
Height
 to 90cm ?
The Tropical Hyacinth Orchid is a terrestrial orchid from the tropical north of Australia. It produces clusters of attractive flowers on a long stem. Each individual flower has white petals and white sepals with small pink spots. The labellum is... Read more >
Drakaea glyptodon
(Hammer Orchid)
Drakaea glyptodon
Height
 35cm
The Hammer Orchid is an unusual plant from Western Australia. The flower is green and yellow with a red labellum. The labellum has a narrow stalk which is hinged and can move backward towards the stigma. The plant produces pheromones which attract... Read more >
Drakaea thynniphila
(Narrow-lipped Hammer Orchid)
Drakaea thynniphila
Height
 40cm
The Narrow-lipped Hammer Orchid is endemic to the south west of Western Australia. The labellum is narrower than the closely related Hammer Orchid (Drakea glypotodon). The flower is green and yellow with a red labellum. The labellum has a narrow... Read more >
Elythranthera brunonis
(Purple Enamel Orchid)
Elythranthera brunonis
Height
 15cm - 30cm
The Purple Enamel Orchid is an attractive west Australian native orchid. It has attractive purple star shaped flowers. Some plants produce white flowers but this less common. The flowers are shiny giving it an enamelled appearance, and are about 3cm... Read more >
Elythranthera emarginata
(Pink Enamel Orchid)
Elythranthera emarginata
Height
 25cm
The Pink Enamel Orchid is a glossy pink orchid from Western Australia. It has pink star shaped flowers with similar sized petals and sepals. The flowers are shiny giving it an enamelled appearance, and are about 4cm across. Flowering is in spring... Read more >
Eriochilus cucullatus
(Parson's Bands)
Eriochilus cucullatus
Height
 10cm - 25cm
Parson's Bands is a terrestrial orchid from eastern Australia. The flowers are white or sometimes pink with two large lateral sepals which grow downwards. The labellum is greenish or cream coloured. The flowers are about 2 cm across and are produced... Read more >
Eriochilus dilatatus
(Crinkle-leaf Bunny Orchid)
Eriochilus dilatatus
Height
 10cm - 25cm
The Crinkle-leaf Bunny Orchid is a common name for Eriochilus dilatatus subsp. undulatus. The small flowers are mainly white with large lateral sepals and are produced on a slender green stem, with up to three flowers per stem. The labellum is... Read more >
Gastrodia sesamoides
(Potato Orchid)
Gastrodia sesamoides
Height
 20cm - 75cm
The Potato Orchid is a leafless saprophytic orchid. The flowers are bell shaped with the labellum or lip enclosed by the rest of the flower with the sepals and petals joined together forming a tube . The flowers are light brown or cinnamon coloured... Read more >
Glossodia major
(Waxlip Orchid)
Glossodia major
Height
 30cm
The Waxlip Orchid is a terrestrial orchid with star shaped flowers. The flowers are mauve or purple with same sized oval sepals and petals that taper at the tips. The centre of the flower is white. Some plants produce all white flowers, although... Read more >
Glossodia minor
(Small Waxlip Orchid)
Glossodia minor
Height
 5cm - 15cm
The Small Waxlip Orchid is a terrestrial orchid with star shaped purple or violet or pink flowers. In rare cases, white flowers are produced. It is similar to Glossodia major, but smaller and does not have white centre. The sepals and petals that... Read more >
Leporella fimbriata
(Fringed Hare Orchid)
Leporella fimbriata
Height
 10cm - 25cm
The Fringed Hare Orchid is an unusual terrestrial orchid. The lateral petals are green with reddish markings and stick up like rabbit (or hare) ears, and the lateral sepals point downwards. The labellum is fairly broad and fan shaped, green at the... Read more >
Leptoceras menziesii
(Hare Orchid)
Leptoceras menziesii
Height
 5cm - 30cm
The Hare Orchid is an attractive small orchid with unusual petals like rabbit ears and is the only member of the Leptoceras genus. The small flowers are white with long narrow red lateral petals that project upwards. The lateral sepals are white,... Read more >
Microtis unifolia
(Common Onion Orchid)
Microtis unifolia
Height
 50cm - 70cm
The Common Onion Orchid or Common Leek Orchid is a terrestrial orchid with fairly thick green stem. The flowers are produced in long clusters of very small green or greenish yellow flowers which emerge from the leaf "sheath". The individual flowers... Read more >
Phaius australis
(Lesser Swamp Orchid)
Phaius australis
Height
 50cm - 200cm
The Lesser Swamp Orchid is a large terrestrial orchid growing to 2 m in height. The star shaped flowers are brownish or reddish brown with white underside, and sometimes have yellow veins.. The lip or labellum is pink on the inside. The lateral... Read more >
Phaius tancarvilleae
(Swamp Orchid)
Phaius tancarvilleae
Height
 100cm - 200cm
The Swamp Orchid is a large ornamental orchid from eastern Australia. It produces large star shaped flowers that grow to about 10 cm across in clusters of up to a dozen per stem. The stem is fleshy and can grow to 2 m in height and about 5 cm across... Read more >
Prasophyllum elatum
(Tall Leek Orchid)
Prasophyllum elatum
Height
 150cm
The Tall Leek Orchid is a tall thick-stemmed terrestrial orchid growing to over a metre tall. The flower colour varies from green to brownish to purplish. Flowers are produced in spikes and are clustered close to the stem with up to sixty flowers... Read more >
Rhizanthella gardneri
(Underground Orchid)
Rhizanthella gardneri
Height
 0 cm - grows under the ground
The Underground Orchid is an endangered orchid from Western Australia. This strange plant grows under the ground and even flowers below the soil surface level. The plant has a fleshy tuber which produces a flower cluster about 2 cm to 3 cm across... Read more >
Sarcochilus fitzgeraldii
(Ravine Orchid)
Sarcochilus fitzgeraldii
Height
 leaves about 50cm but can grow to about one metre
The Ravine Orchid is a species of orchid endemic to Australia. It has long thin strap like leaves about 50 cm long. The flower heads are about 15cm long with about four to a dozen flowers or more. The flowers are about 3cm across and are and white... Read more >
Sarcochilus hartmannii Sarcochilus hartmannii
Height
 leaves about 50cm but can grow to about one metre
This orchid has long strappy leaves about 50cm long. The flowers grow is clusters of 5 to more than 20. The flowers are up to 3cm across and are mostly white with red or brownish dots. There is also a white form. Its conservation status is classed... Read more >